हिंदी में पढ़ें – तो क्या आधार डेटाबेस अमेरिकी गुप्त सुरक्षा बलों को सौंपा जाएगा?

There is a growing movement brewing up in the country regarding the dangers of Aadhaar and how it is being pushed through the backdoor without adequate security on unsuspecting Indians. While the general public is still in the dark about the dangers of biometric identification that is taking place in nearly every walk of life, even privacy defenders who have been closely following these developments don’t have sufficient information.

Like the Indians even the Americans are fighting a similar battle on their homefront. But unlike Indians the American public are far more informed and organized in their approach. It would do well for the defenders of privacy and the advocates of #DestroyTheAadhaar to follow up on a lawsuit that is filed against the US Federal Bureau of Investigation for running a Biometric ID program for years in secret. The FBI case could provide the Indian activists with a better reorientation and understanding of the process.

A shocking report came to light early this year about a massive FBI database that has been collecting millions of faceprints of American citizens – for years. Known as the Next Generation Identification system, since 2014 the FBI has amassed more than 50 million images scoured from facial recognition alone; and, as reported by the Electronic Frontier Foundation, the images have merged into the FBI’s legacy database of fingerprints and other identifiers to create a centralized hub of surveillance:

As per a 2014 EFF report titled FBI Plans to Have 52 Million Photos in its NGI Face Recognition Database:

NGI builds on the FBI’s legacy fingerprint database—which already contains well over 100 million individual records—and has been designed to include multiple forms of biometric data, including palm prints and iris scans in addition to fingerprints and face recognition data. NGI combines all these forms of data in each individual’s file, linking them to personal and biographic data like name, home address, ID number, immigration status, age, race, etc. This immense database is shared with other federal agencies and with the approximately 18,000 tribal, state and local law enforcement agencies across the United States.

Worst of all, the FBI has admitted that the system contains non-criminal identification as well as criminal, including:

  • suspects and detainees,
  • fingerprints for job applicants
  • licenses
  • military or volunteer service
  • background checks
  • security clearances
  • naturalization

It’s been estimated that half of all adult Americans appear in a biometric database.

Despite what is clearly a sweeping program of surveillance and a violation of numerous Amendments to the US Constitution, the FBI has resisted all inquiries made by privacy organizations and even the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.

Now one of the most respected privacy defenders, Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), is urging Congress to do its job and fully examine the secret FBI program. EPIC summarized the scope of the program, as well as measures taken by the FBI to exempt itself from privacy protections:

EPIC has sent a statement to the House Appropriations Committee in advance of a hearing on the FBI’s budget. EPIC urged the Committee to examine the FBI’s Next Generation Identification program. EPIC explained that the program “raises far-reaching privacy issues that implicate the rights of Americans all across the country.” The FBI biometric database is one of the largest in the world, but the Bureau proposed to exempt the database from Privacy Act protections. EPIC and others supported strong safeguards for the program. In an early FOIA case against the FBI, EPIC obtained documents which revealed high error levels in the biometric database. EPIC has recently filed a FOIA lawsuit against the FBI for information about the agency’s plans to transfer biometric data to the Department of Defense.

Has Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) done the privacy assessment of the entire Aadhaar project before awarding contracts to American firms? Have the Aadhaar activists asked the UIDAI to furnish the Privacy Impact Assessment Document if at all there is one? There is a lawsuit filed against FBI for information about the agency’s plans to transfer biometric data to the Department of Defense. It is now commonly known that American firms with links to CIA were given contract for Aadhaar and acknowledged by the Ministry of External Affairs itself, will Aadhaar database than be transferred to the US Department of Defense?

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GGI News Staff
GGI News Analysis is a unique project initiated by GreatGameIndia to provide meaning and context to the randomly provided news day-in and day-out which often leaves the common populace wondering as to its real significance. We at GGI News would not only analyze daily news but also place it in the right perspective for our readers to understand it and thereby form their own independent opinion from the facts provided. Subscribe to our email newsletters or follow our page on Facebook and Twitter for more such analysis, debates and discussions related to geopolitics and international affairs from an Indian perspective. If you would like to contribute, please email your story suggestions to info@greatgameindia.com


  1. 1st Constitution Bench (CB) on UID/Aadhaar was created at AG’s request. Is it true that unless AG asks for CB, CJI not going to create it?

  2. This is dangerous. UIDAI is planning to get biometric details of Indian Army also. What if they give it to US army? This is really not got. There should be an investigation on this.

  3. Stop spreading lies. Aadhaar is very well secured with high technology encryption. If you dont like it dont get it its not mandatory.

    • Hundred thousand Aadhar numbers have been leaked and you say it is well secured? You say it is not mandatory when bank accounts will be closed without an aadhar link?

      YOU stop spreading lies!

    • Aadhar is not mandatory… Are you kidding me, don’t you know that to do business, you need GSTIN, and for that you need Aadhar. PAN is no longer enough

  4. Aadhaar is created by Gaddar Nandan Nilekani – a poisonous snake and supported by criminal minded Mohamdas Pai. The cheap troll Sharad beSharama is out doing a blitzkreig of speeches to clean up his tarnished image – he ought to be hiding in a hole somewhere

    • Why are you blaming Nandan Nilenkani. Aadhaar is a Modi Govt project. It will bring an end to Paki terrorism and corruption.

  5. The US, UK and Germany have declined to attempt any such thing. I suspect that Aadhar is motivated by Nilekani’s personal ambitions and the natural fascism of India’s Neta-Babu Klpetocrats.

    • Why are you blaming Nandan Nilenkani. Aadhaar is a Modi Govt project. It will bring an end to Paki terrorism and corruption.

  6. I wish to be enlightened as to how would it affect an honest Indian citizen? Information collected by FBI would worry some one who is either into drug trade, terror activities or evading correct tax payments. Ashok

  7. There are two issues abt Aadhar which are of concern to common citizen.One is the use of this to deny or give services to the citizen, other than subsidy remittances,as is already happening in some cases like the bank accounts,mobile phone connections and Income Tax filing. Aadhar was actually not meant for such control and was exclusively to be used for remitting subsidy to the poor in their accounts directly.When Govt personnel were appointed to enroll the citizens they sub-contracted these operations to private contractors who had political connections little realising that they were putting at risk a citizen’s personal information so collected.In my area political parties like the Shiv sena,MNS along with Congress and BJP were involved in the enrollment and much of the data collected was lost, so they say, there by requiring the citizens to give their information again.What more draconian steps to control would be taken by the Govt by way of aadhar cannot be contemplated. Now the second part is abt selling this aadhar data to Corporations who will use it to target the citizens for commercial gains.Today itself there is an TV advertisement by Microsoft to join up Microsoft skype by authenticating with your aadhar number.That means aadhar data has already been sold to commercial enterprises.What privacy and right to his personal information does a common citizen have.That is a big question every citizen of India must ask himself.

  8. […] It has been known that the entire Aadhaar exercise has provided market for biometric and surveillance technology companies. It is noteworthy that the World Bank has launched eTransform Initiative with partners like IBM, Gemalto, Intel, Safran Group, Microsoft, and Pfizer. There is an extraordinary dependence of Aadhaar on such corporations; many of whom have close links with foreign intelligence agencies who can access Aadhaar data. There is a lawsuit filed against FBI for information about the agency’s plans to transfer biometric data to the Department of Defense. It is now commonly known that American firms with links to CIA were given contract for Aadhaar and acknowledged by the Ministry of External Affairs itself, which has prompted a growing concern that will Aadhaar database than also be transferred to the US Department of Defense? […]

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