Green Revolution
Green Revolution in India

The Green Revolution

The Rockefellers’ Green Revolution in India actually began in Mexico and was spread across Latin America during the 1950’s and 1960’s. Shortly thereafter, backed by John D. Rockefeller’s (one of the controlling Houses of the East India Companies) networks across Asia, it was introduced in India and elsewhere in Asia. The “revolution” was a veiled effort to gain control over food production in key target countries of the developing world, promoted in the name of free enterprise market efficiency against alleged “communist inefficiency.”

In the aftermath of World War II, with Germany’s I.G.Farben a bombed-out heap of rubble, American chemical companies emerged as the world’s largest. The most prominent companies – DuPont, Dow Chemical, Monsanto, Hercules Powder and others-faced a glut of nitrogen production capacity which they had built up, at US taxpayer expense, to produce bombs and shells for the war effort. Read more about this aspect of war in Agricultural Terrorism.

An essential chemical for making bombs and explosives, nitrogen was a prime component of TNT and other high explosives. Nitrogen could also form the basis for nitrate fertilizers. The chemical industry developed the idea of creating large new markets for their nitrogen in the form of fertilizers, ammonia nitrate, anhydrous ammonia, for both domestic US agriculture and for export.

An essential chemical for making bombs and explosives, nitrogen was a prime component of TNT and other high explosives. Nitrogen could also form the basis for nitrate fertilizers. The chemical industry developed the idea of creating large new markets for their nitrogen in the form of fertilizers, ammonia nitrate, anhydrous ammonia, for both domestic US agriculture and for export.

Also read: The Rs 1.4 Trillion Plan To Destroy India’s Agriculture

The nitrogen fertilizer industry was part of the powerful lobby of the Rockefeller Standard Oil circles which, by the end of the War, included DuPont, Dow Chemicals and Hercules Powder among others.

The global marketing of the new agri-chemicals after the war also solved the problem of finding significant new markets for the American petrochemical industry as well as the grain cartel, a group of four to five companies then including Cargill, Continental Grain, Bunge and ADM. The largest grain traders were American and their growth was a product of the development of special hybrid seeds through the spread of the Green Revolution in the 1960’s and 1970’s. Agriculture was in the process of going global and the Rockefeller Foundation was shaping that process of agribusiness globalization.

Kissinger: “Control oil and you control nations; control food and you control the people.” US strategy deliberately destroyed family farming in the US, India and other nations and led to 95% of all grain reserves in the world being under the control of six multinational agribusiness corporations.

Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger, 56th United States Secretary of State

With a monopoly on the agricultural chemicals and on the hybrid seeds, American agribusiness giants were intent on dominating the global market in agricultural trade. After all, as Kissinger noted in the 1970’s, “If you control the food you control the people:’. Governments from the developing sector to the European Economic Community, the Soviet Union and China, soon depended on the powerful grain cartel companies to provide the needed grains and food products to maintain their political stability in times of bad harvest.

Truly, there was genuine US Government concern to contain communist and nationalist movements in the developing world during the 1960’s by offering food aid in the form of privately sponsored agricultural inputs. However, the combination of US Government aid and the techniques being developed in the name of a Green Revolution would present a golden opportunity for the influential policy-making circles around Rockefeller and their emerging agribusiness groups to turn that concern to their advantage.

Also read: ‘Produce & Perish’ – How A New Secret Deal Is A Threat To The Future Of India’s Agriculture

Agricultural Development Council

Agricultural Development Council
Agricultural Development Council

John D. Rockefeller 3rd, who had a personal interest in Asia founded the Agricultural Development Council (A/D/C) in 1954. Rockefeller educated a new generation of leaders. Over its three-decade history, the A/D/C funded nearly 600 men and women from 16 Asian countries pursue advanced degrees. Many A/D/C alums have gone on to prominent positions in academia and government.

Nelson Rockefeller worked hand-in-glove on agriculture with his brother, John D. III, who had set up his own Agriculture Development Council in 1953, one year after he had founded the Population Council. The focus of the Agriculture Development Council was Asia, while Nelson concentrated on his familiar turf in Latin America. They shared the common goal of long-term cartelization of world agriculture and food supplies under their corporate hegemony.

Norman Borlaug
Norman Borlaug – the Father of the Green Revolution in India

When the Rockefeller Foundation’s Norman Borlaug came into Mexico in the 1950’s, he worked on hybrid forms of rust-resistant wheat and hybrid corn types, not yet the genetically engineered projects to come several decades later. Behind the facade of agricultural and biological science, however, the Rockefeller group was pursuing a calculated strategy through its Green Revolution during the 1950’s and 1960’s.

The heart of its strategy was to introduce “modern” agriculture methods to increase crop yields and, so went the argument, thereby to reduce hunger and lessen the threat of potential communist subversion of hungry, unruly nations. It was the same seducing
argument used years later to sell its Gene Revolution.

The Green Revolution in India was the beginning of global control over food production, a process made complete with the Gene Revolution several decades later. The same companies, not surprisingly, were involved in both, as were the Rockefeller and other powerful US foundations.

In 1966, the Rockefeller Foundation was joined by the considerable financial resources of the Ford Foundation, another US private tax-exempt foundation which enjoyed intimate ties to the US Government, intelligence and foreign policy establishment. Together with the Ford resources, the Rockefeller Foundation’s Green Revolution went into high gear.

Also read: How World Bank’s Economic Chakravyuh Is Trapping Indian Farmers

That year of 1966, the Government of Mexico along with the Rockefeller Foundation set up the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). The center focused its work on a wheat program, which originated from breeding studies begun in Mexico in the 1940s by the Rockefeller Foundation.

President Johnson promised to send 3.5 million tons of food-grains to India under PL-480 and give 900 million dollars in aid. However, actual dispatches to India were irregular and came in small installments. Indira Gandhi felt humiliated by this ‘ship-to-mouth’ approach by the United States, and refused to bow before such ham-handed and open pressure. In Washington, Mrs Gandhi had agreed to the US proposal for an Indo-American Educational Foundation to be funded by PL-480 rupee funds to the extent of 300 million dollars. However, she later abandoned the proposal.

USAID and PL–480
Lyndon Johnson discussing USAID’s PL-480 with Indira Gandhi, March 28, 1966. (White House Photo Office)

Their efforts in food and agriculture received a boost that same year when US President Lyndon Johnson announced a drastic shift in US food aid to developing countries under P.L. 480, namely that no food aid would be sent unless a recipient country had agreed to preconditions which included agreeing to the Rockefeller agenda for agriculture development, stepping up their population control programs and opening their doors to interested American investors.

In 1970, the Rockefeller’s Norman Borlaug won the Nobel Prize. Interestingly enough, it was not for biology but for peace, the same prize Henry Kissinger was to receive several years later. Both men were also protégées of the influential Rockefeller circles.

In reality, the Green Revolution in India introduced US agribusiness into key developing countries under the cover of promoting crop science and modern techniques. The new wheat hybrids in Mexico required modern chemical fertilizers, mechanized tractors and other farm equipment, and above all, they required irrigation, which meant pumps driven by oil or gas energy.

The Green Revolution in India was limited to 20 percent of land in the irrigated North and Northwest. It ignored the huge disparity of wealth between large feudal landowners in such areas and the majority of poor, landless peasants. Instead, it created pockets of modern agribusiness tied to large export giants such as Cargill. The regions where the vast majority of poorer peasants worked remained poor. The introduction of the Green Revolution did nothing to change the gap between rich feudal landowners and poor peasants.

For more on the subject refer to F. William Engdahl‘s book Seeds of Destruction – The Hidden Agenda of Genetic Manipulation.

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GGI News Staff
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